The Wheels of God's Throne
( Copyright 2009 G. Thomas Windsor )
Daniel’s Fiery Vision
Daniel's vision of the Throne with Fiery Wheels: In Daniel, as in Ezekiel, God cracked the door that we might peer into the heavenly realm. In Daniel 7, we also have the only directly related vision referencing the Lord's throne with wheels. These two visions of the throne have similarities and there is much imagery. However, in Ezekiel the wheels are described in much greater detail. As we saw, Ezekiel's words can only go so far, and beyond that it is truly indescribable. How do other passages describe what wheels are like besides the obvious function or phenomenal activity? It is helpful to find parallels and what is common to both. The objects and characters in the vision and much of this passage were meant to be understood in a figurative sense. (We are told it is meant to be understood this way in the text). Like assembling many pieces of a puzzle, in searching out the truth of this biblical mystery, the fuller meaning can only be brought to light by carefully applying other relevant scriptures. Here we will center on the question: What does it reveal concerning the wheels?
The Vision: Daniel, chap 7 “In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream and visions of his head on his bed: then he wrote the dream and told the sum of the matters. 2Daniel spoke and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the sky broke forth on the great sea. 3Four great animals came up from the sea, diverse one from another. 4The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings: I saw until its wings were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made to stand on two feet as a man; and a man’s heart was given to it. 5Behold, another animal, a second, like a bear; and it was raised up on one side, and three ribs were in its mouth between its teeth: and they said thus to it, Arise, devour much flesh. 6After this I saw, and behold, another, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird; the animal had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. 7After this I saw in the night visions, and, behold, a fourth animal, awesome and powerful, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth; it devoured and broke in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet: and it was diverse from all the animals that were before it; and it had ten horns. 8I considered the horns, and behold, there came up among them another horn, a little one, before which three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots: and behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things. 9I saw until thrones were placed, and one who was ancient of days sat: his clothing was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames, and its wheels burning fire. 10A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousands of thousands ministered to him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened. 11I saw at that time because of the voice of the great words which the horn spoke; I saw even until the animal was slain, and its body destroyed, and it was given to be burned with fire. 12As for the rest of the animals, their dominion was taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and a time. 13I saw in the night visions, and behold, there came with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man, and he came even to the ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14There was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion isan everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed. 15As for me, Daniel, my spirit was grieved in the midst of my body, and the visions of my head troubled me. 16I came near to one of those who stood by, and asked him the truth concerning all this. So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things. 17These great animals, which are four, are four kings, who shall arise out of the earth. 18But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom, and possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever. 19Then I desired to know the truth concerning the fourth animal, which was diverse from all of them, exceedingly terrible, whose teeth were of iron, and its nails of brass; which devoured, broke in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet; 20and concerning the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn which came up, and before which three fell, even that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spoke great things, whose look was more stout than its fellows. 21I saw, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them; 22until the ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High, and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. 23Thus he said, The fourth animal shall be a fourth kingdom on earth, which shall be diverse from all the kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. 24As for the ten horns, out of this kingdom shall ten kings arise: and another shall arise after them; and he shall be diverse from the former, and he shall put down three kings. 25He shall speak words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High; and he shall think to change the times and the law; and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and half a time. 26But the judgment shall be set, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it to the end. 27The kingdom and the dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole sky, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High: his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him. 28Here is the end of the matter. As for me, Daniel, my thoughts much troubled me, and my face was changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart.”
Background: Daniel was in Babylonian captivity at approximately the same time period as Ezekiel, and he had a very troubling dream/vision and wrote it down. In the book we read of various visions concerning the rise and fall of empires. These will help provide further background and context in seeing God's plan of ruling and reigning from his perspective. Daniel 7 also centers on some apocalyptic (end time) events that are beyond the scope of this writing.
A large volume of writings have centered on Daniel's visions, and there is much debate about the specifics of the subject of the return of the Lord to this earth, but we won't focus on those specifics here. In the text, the scenario of the vision is reiterated again with added detail and meaning assigned to the interpretation. The dynamic of clashing kingdoms as well as spiritual warfare comprise the focus and assist in understanding the throne.
Daniel is troubled and vexed in spirit regarding what awaits his people. What could these two passages have in common? We will focus on this without getting into all the debate and various views concerning specific details of events, specific earthly kingdoms and rulers, etc. At the end of the passage an interpretation is given of the vision, which helps in understanding the "wheels", the suffering and redemption of God's people, and the fact that, ultimately, “heaven rules.”
Vision Portrayed: The dream starts with four dreadful beasts coming out of the sea in succession, with various descriptions of beasts and behaviors, after being stirred up by the four winds of heaven. (Again we see meteoro-logical phenomena). The beasts devour and ravage the earth. The beasts represent kings/kingdoms. These are ravenous, ferocious wild beasts (in the literal meaning of the Hebrew word), not simply animals. It should also be noted that the word for "beast" is very different than the word for "living creatures" as used in Ezekiel. If the living creatures are symbolic of the Lord's rule and reign, (creatures bearing God's throne, as some have understood them) then these four beasts could represent an evil imitation of the four cherubim. At a particular point in the narrative, one of the "horns" of the final beast directs his blasphemies toward God. Daniel then sees thrones being set up. Also we are told in the interpretation that in contrast to God's throne, other "thrones are cast down " and there is a stripping of authority which could help explain the work of the fiery wheels.
The Four Beasts (Satan’s kingdoms): In the passage the four referenced beasts are depicting worldly kingdoms. Various commentators have ascribed these as representing similar earthly kingdoms, but there are divergent views relating to specifics in eschatology. However, it is commonly understood that they represent, in general, the devil's manifested kingdom on this earth and/or a final antichrist rulership in the future.
Note: v. 12 Nay, it is represented as the most God-opposed of all, and culminating at last in the blasphemous Antichrist. (J.F.B.)
Most commentators see these four earthly empires as Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome (these matching the ancient historical record). It is beyond the scope of this writing to endeavor to elaborate on this. However, there is a consensus that these are evil kingdoms, both then and also proceeding into the future (some sort of revived "Roman" empire, the epitome of Satan's manifestation and kingdom on this earth.
The fourth king (the "little horn") is destroyed in the narrative, and the rest have their domain taken away. There is also a parallel with the four beasts of Rev. 13. The specific identification and details aren't as important as the fact that God, who is on the throne, puts them down. None of the earthly kingdoms suffered this final "last days" judgment of fire. It was only a temporal judgment (being put down and defeated). Yet we understand from the rest of scripture that it isn't simply an earthly struggle, but a great spiritual dynamic beyond natural earthly systems. Ephesians 6:12 reads: "For our wrestling is not against flesh and blood, but against the princi-palities, against the powers, against the world's rulers of the darkness of this age, and against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places." (World English Bible)
"Earthly" Kingdoms: The psalmist declared "the kings of the earth have set themselves in array against the Lord and his anointed…" (Ps. 2:2). In the Scripture we read of many kings exalting themselves, rising up in an attempt to be to be like a god or God. As an example, in the book of Isaiah we read that the king of Assyria (bent on world dominance) attacked Israel. The king exalted himself and mocked and reviled God (Isa. 37:4) King Hezekiah prayed in the LORD'S presence for deliverance : "16 O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubim, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth. 17 Incline thine ear, O LORD, and hear; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God" (KJV).
Hezekiah prayed for deliverance and the angel of the Lord swiftly smote the king of Assyria and his army (Isa. 37:36) God triumphed. In Ezekiel 28 we find a revealing passage concerning the "Prince" and “King of Tyre." Though as an earthly king he is figuratively a personified, or type of, Satan. ( Ezek. 28:2: Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas;..." v. 16...thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub...” He was later cast out as profane and judged by fire in that account. As we've seen in our brief study of the nature of the cherubim, we saw the cherubim proclaim his holiness and exult his honor and lead in worship. A great contrast is shown when we consider that Satan (the one ultimately animating all the kings/beasts toward blasphemy) is not just a fallen angel. He is a fallen cherub. In Daniel's prophecy the fourth King (little horn) is insulting and cursing God and seeking to change his laws and decrees, and thus stirring up the wrath of God. It makes his sin of reproaching God (and also his agents) ever more severe. It is treason in the highest degree toward the Most High!
From Above and Below: The beast's throne comes out of the sea and out of the earth (v. 3,17.) God's throne comes down from heaven. In Ezekiel, the mobile throne comes down and the wheels touch the earth. The wheels are at the place of contact, as noted earlier in the nature of the cherubim, they separate the holy from the unholy. In the text the four winds of heaven “strove upon the seas." Some translations use the word strove to mean a great tension which exists between the "heavens" and "seas" (identified with nations/peoples). The world powers come forth out of the stirring up or agitation of the "sea" (Jer. 46:7, 8; Rev 13:1; 17:15) We notice that the winds of heaven stir up the sea. This could also be referencing angelic powers, the Lord's agents and the four chariots of heaven (Zech 6:5) in conflict with the earthly realm.
Great Wickedness: The beasts of Daniel 7 culminate in a king who speaks great blasphemies. In other chapters of Daniel we read of forced idolatry by another king (Dan. 3). In Ezekiel 10 the Lord carried out his punishments upon the leaders of those who followed idolatry. In God's temple, in the holy place, was an idolatrous "image" the most profane thing (disgusting in God’s sight). As a side note, these passages regarding wheels in Ezekiel and Daniel include two points of great judgment in the Bible. (not coincidentally). The abomination in the temple that brought desolation, and the fourth beast. It could be argued that these foreshadow/portray the greatest related pinnacles of wickedness/darkness recorded in Scripture (the Abomination of Desolation and the rule of the Beast/Antichrist).
Thrones Set in Place: 26But the judgment shall be set, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it to the end. 27" (v-). He wrote ".... 9I saw until thrones were placed, and one who was ancient of days sat: his clothing was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames, and its wheels burning fire. 10A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousands of thousands ministered to him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened. 11I saw at that time because of the voice of the great words which the horn spoke; I saw even until the animal was slain, and its body destroyed, and it was given to be burned with fire. .....See also -Rev.1:14 “His head and His hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and His eyes like a flame of fire.”
In another passage in Daniel it states: "He (God) removes kings and sets up kings" (Dan. 2:22). God is ruling over the affairs of men, here portrayed as on a moving throne. God allows the rising of the wicked at times. God allows evil kingdoms to continue for his mysterious purposes which we humans don't often see until later. We read of the great host of heaven similar to that in the book of Revelation. Many thousands are ministering to him; Tens of thousands stand ready to serve him v. 7:10. In a similar way, in Revelation 5:10-11, we read: “... Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands,…”
In Daniel 7 the Lord is judging in his courtroom. The books are opened and, as in Ezekiel 10, an accounting is done, and the angelic being with a writing pad marks out those who will be delivered. See also Rev. 20:12 “And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and the books were opened….”
Ancient Of Days/Son Of Man: (anthropomorphic image) Daniel beheld an image upon a throne. In this description of the Lord, only the hair and the clothing of his divine form are described (v. 9). Neither his face nor his exact likeness is related. Just as in the other visions, it is a human form---it is anthropomorphic. These passages probably contain the most descriptive image or "likeness" of God in the Old Testament. His clothing is "white as snow, the hair of his head like pure wool, and dazzling. There is a brightness of light…” as in Ezekiel. The only two direct references to "wheels” and the Lord's throne also happen to include this form or anthropomorphic image, an important common denominator (See Ezek. 1.) He saw that the "likeness of the throne was a likeness as the appearance of a man on it above. 27I saw as it were glowing metal, as the appearance of fire within it all around.” God has no form in the physical sense, yet He condescends and describes things in our terms. He relates to us as we are, made in His image. These passages are greatly revealing in the visual sense and certainly in other ways as in the book of Revelation, chapter 4. The Lord could have just expressed these things in vague ethereal terms, yet here it is visual. The door is opened allowing us to peer into the unknown realm.
The Books Are Opened: God will bring all deeds into judgment before this seat of authority. Nothing escapes his eye. Those in attendance, a great multitude, serve him in his court. Like the cherubim and seraphim, the angels in general serve him. The angelic hosts, as in many passages, relate to the throne and they watch in this supreme court of divine law. Like the angelic beings with the writing pad (Ezekiel 10), books are opened. God's record is revealed. As a mighty king sends his servants, God himself simply directs all affairs. The hosts of heaven are mentioned throughout scripture. They speak for him, they act on his behalf, they represent him as ambassadors and as messengers, even executing his vengeance on occasion.
Fiery Throne: The throne in this dream is described with the Ancient of Days seated and the throne as "burning as with fire and its wheels were ablaze." In and of itself this description wouldn't make much sense. However, in light of the historic understanding of the chariot throne, it does. It is reminiscent of the wheels in Ezekiel's vision. In the first chapter of this study, we observed that Ezekiel beheld a moving throne that included the chariot of the cherubim and their wheels. Those wheels were to the prophet burning with fire. In Daniel's account the throne is portrayed with similar details though not as descriptive. Again, the Hebrew word for "wheels" here in Daniel is galgal (not simply owphan.) As noted earlier, gaglal is a more active word meaning whirlwind, like machinery or wheelwork. The fact that the wheels are included in a vision where many other things in the passage are interpreted as allegoric/figurative gives evidence that the wheels are to be understood in this same sense. Though these two passages are the only places in scripture that the wheels of the throne are spoken of directly, there are many passages that use related imagery. The words "chariots of the Lord" can be found in a greater number. This concept is important in that it sheds light on the more obscure passages where wheels are associated with the throne, as we shall see later. A stream of fire comes forth, and it is noteworthy that fire is the dominant imagery (similar to Ezek. 1). Also there is a Divine court from which fire and judgment emanate. The fourth beast is judged. Verse 11 reads: "the animal was slain, and its body destroyed, and it was given to be burned with fire.... Also it is reiterated "26But the judgment shall be set, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it to the end.” The fire and destruction proceeding from the wheeled throne accomplished this.
Imagery in the Fire of God: As noted earlier, the wheels are associated with fire. In a related passage, Psalm 97 states: "1 Yahweh reigns. Let the earth rejoice! Let the multitude of islands be glad! 2Clouds and darkness are around him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne. 3A fire goes before him, and burns up his adversaries on every side."
In this passage the Lord is also referred to as "the most high" (v. 9) as in Daniel. Fire in the Scripture often refers to a judgment and a purifying. God is essentially burning up the works of wickedness, committing them to the flames. Parallel chapters to this would be Rev. 19, 20--the final judgment when God destroys the Beast (also typically referred to as Antichrist and/or the Lawless One). The fate of those who challenge and oppose God and do not repent is flames that aren't quenched. The "river of fire" may be equated with the lake of hell's fire. Verse 9 states that "thrones were set in place” and the ancient of days took his seat. Later it states that “the Ancient of Days came.” That is the rule of heaven coming down. God's throne is one with wheels and it is dynamic in every sense (figuratively speaking).
Note: Oriental thrones move on wheels. Like the rapid flame, God's judgments are most swift in falling where He wills them (Ezek. 1:15, 16). The judgment here is not the last judgment, for then there will be no beast, and heaven and earth shall have passed away; but it is that of Antichrist (the last development of the fourth kingdom), typical of the last judgment:...J.F.B
The activity of the beast continues until it reaches its height, until God's court is set in place. The King is in control; he sits, he judges, and all attend him. As noted earlier, the Lord is both "seated" and "coming" in the same text. This vision is also important in that it is a major prophetic passage concerning the Messiah, and applies to a future apocalyptic time at the end of the ages.
Note: Daniel 7:9. I beheld till, I continued looking till thrones were cast down, rather, "thrones were placed" [Vulgate and Luther], namely, for the saints and elect angels to whom "judgment is given" (Dan. 7:22), as assessors with the Judge.... In English Version the thrones cast down are those of the previously mentioned kings who give place to Messiah. Ancient of days: "The everlasting Father" (Isa. 9:6). He is the Judge here, as THE Son does not judge in His own cause, and it is His cause which is the one at issue with the Antichrist (Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary).
Coming in the clouds with GLORY AND POWER: 13I saw in the night visions, and behold, there came with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man, and he came even to the ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14-There was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom, that which shall not be destroyed.
In this passage the "Son of man is coming on the clouds of heaven" and to the throne. In this chapter it speaks of "till the Ancient of Days came " (v.21) and that is on a throne with wheels. This is far more than simply clouds (meteorologically) in light of the rest of Old Testament imagery. It also speaks of great clouds of glory. In Ezekiel, the Lord's glory on the throne (in the form of man, a representation of Christ) came out of the great storm cloud. The concept of the Messiah coming on the clouds of heaven is also related to the storm theophanies of the OT: " I am coming to you in a thick cloud” proclaimed the Lord on Mt. Sinai to Moses. Other times He came down and was shrouded in a storm cloud and spoke out of the "pillar of Cloud," a supernatural whirlwind (Exodus). Also in Psalm 18 it states the "Lord rode upon the cherubim" with storm clouds “he rode swiftly upon the "wings of the wind" (also alluding to the chariot) and "He bowed the heavens and came down” (v. 8) and delivered His anointed ones. In Daniel the Son of man comes with clouds of heaven (similar to the theme in Ezekiel account). All heavenly/earthly authority, eventually all kingdoms "under the heavens" are given to the Son of man. In this final epic battle, Christ triumphs at His return (Revelation 19).
The King receives the Kingdom: This great ceremony, in full view of all the heavenly host, is one in which the Son receives an investiture from the Father: the rule and reign of heaven coming down to the earth ("On earth as it is in heaven"). Thus he shares the Father’s attributes. When Christ was asked if He was the Messiah (Mk. 13), He referenced this passage. At a time of His total humility in the form of a man, in public shame, He spoke of being seated at the right hand of power and coming in the clouds to the highest exaltation. The throne Christ referenced was one that had the wheels of fire, for the Messiah sits at the right hand of God.
Note: "Son of man" expresses his visible state formerly in his humiliation hereafter in His exaltation. He "comes to the Ancient of days" to be invested with the kingdom. ..." This investiture was at His ascension "with the clouds of heaven," (Acts 1:11; Mt. 26:64)...which is a pledge of His return "in like manner" in the clouds" and "with clouds" Rev. 1:7 (J.F.B. )
Worship: In verse 14 we read of the Son of Man being given the kingdom of the Most High. " He was given dominion, glory and the kingdom...." The whole host of heaven give worship to God and the Messiah. God is described as "the Ancient of Days," eternally Sovereign over all other thrones of men. This speaks of another attribute of His eternal nature. His hair was "white as snow,” portraying His symbolic purity. The prophet also speaks of another title, "the Most High" used in reference to the Lord. He stands alone. This superlative description sets Him apart from all others. This exclusive title and worship can only be ascribed to one. The Messiah cannot be viewed as an ordinary mortal king. His coming was looked to for many generations as a deliverer from the enemies of God. In Rev. 19 we read of Christ coming upon a white horse with a sword, triumphing over the "beast." He will return to triumph over the Evil One's throne and kingdom. The attributes ascribed to God are now given to the "Son of man.
God's Deliverance of the Saints: There has been and still is much debate as to the specific rulers, the "little horn," and the broader identity of the ten- headed "beast." The Lord gave a transcendent word that spans time. A word written for the saints: ages past, present, and future. Whether suffering in times past or future, there is a line stretching throughout history. Whether an Antiochus Epiphanes, a Nero, a pope of the Middle Ages, or a modern “messianic-like” dictator, all these are also types and a foreshadowing of a future, final Antichrist (Beast). In the passage we read of a great time of suffering for the saints of the most high " the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them until the Ancient of days came." That time will be a period of unprecedented evil, tribulation, and climactic spiritual warfare.
For a time it appears in the temporal world that the saints are defeated by the enemy of God. In a similar way, the book of the Revelation was written to suffering believers in the early church and throughout the ages until now. That promise is to sustain the believer through all tribulation and hardship; He is the Savior. His kingdom comes into this dreadful situation. In this passage there is also a very sobering account of events just prior to God’s final deliverance. It troubled Daniel even after being told the incredible promise that the Messiah receives the kingdom and delivers His people from suffering under the kingdom of darkness. Then they are given the kingdom (as is fully elaborated in the New Testament). Christ Messiah (God's Anointed One) confers on his people a kingdom, and we are joint heirs with him. The saints (the anointed ones) are given the kingdom "in Christ." As noted earlier, when Christ was near His greatest time of suffering and future exaltation he quoted this Daniel 7 passage. The saints are also those set apart like those separated from the wicked in Ezekiel. He has His overarching plan even when it appears that everything is going against His saints according to the human perspective. He is Lord over all, and He will never let his people be given more than they can endure. All those things will ultimately work for His glory, praise, and kingdom.
Some important Clues/Parallels with the Wheels Passages in Ezekiel: Daniel 7 fits again into the historic understanding of the vision of a "throne-chariot" of Ezekiel
1. The chariot represented royal power and the exercising of the king’s authority: the Lord upon his throne is "casting down" the worldly powers and their seats of authority. Though we don’t see the cherubim specifically, we are told of the vast multitude of heavenly angelic host surrounding the throne. The fiery wheels (galgal) of the throne are in a passage meant to be understood in a figurative sense (like other metaphors interpreted in the text).
2. The wheels in Ezekiel 10 (though not interpreted) were also called by a descriptive term, "whirling wheels."
3. The Son of Man coming with clouds of heaven associated with glory. The vision of living creatures and the throne of Glory emanated from the clouds of heaven also (Ezek. 1). The beasts come out of the sea after being stirred up by the wind (Ruach, wind or spirit in the Hebrew). There is again a meteorological element in the imagery of both visions.
4. In Daniel's vision we read of God delivering his saints, those set apart. In Ezekiel we read of God sparing the ones marked out or called out.
5. The prophet Daniel is overwhelmed by the whole vision of the Lord (like Ezekiel.) Both are told that the Lord is bringing forth great judgments.
6. Fire from the wheels signifies the judgments and sentences of God in both visions. It was the source of judgment/destruction on the king, (little horn.) This corresponds to the awesome and fearful appearance of the wheels in Ezekiel.
7. In Daniel the Lord is executing Divine justice from a heavenly court. There is an accounting, as in Ezekiel 10 and a marking of those saved. God "sees" and the record is kept (the books are opened). In Ezekiel, the Lord exposes and judges the leadership of the people . In Daniel 7 the focus of judgment is on world rulers.
8. We are told in Daniel's vision that worship and glory is given to the Son of man. Worship is at the throne in Ezekiel 3. Also, in both, anthropomorphic images are evident.
Summary: We now see that various patterns are coming together. The truth is revealed in both of these passages as they complement one another. The Daniel passage is in harmony with other passages of the Old Testament as we read of God metaphorically riding forth upon a chariot-throne (and a cherubim with the clouds of heaven). In both books we see the revealing of God's kingdom. As far as interpretation goes, yes we see sovereignty (probably the prevailing theory of the "wheels") yet more specifics are revealed (like judgment) by looking at both passages.
Other pieces of the puzzle are added. Earlier in Ezekiel we saw a separation occur. In Daniel, the Lord God and the Messiah vindicate his people. He lifts up his people and casts down their enemies in a great spiritual warfare. The initial common denominators are the Lord God acting upon nations from the mobile throne with wheels and fire. He is exercising his authority and judgment upon his enemies. Not only do the visions to his prophets reveal His glory, and the angelic host proclaim his glory, but the acts themselves manifest his greatness. God, who beholds all, intervenes as evil rises and does so according to his plan and his timing from his very throne.
We will now go to other parts of scripture that shed light on this mystery of the wheels in a search for independent confirmation and further insights. If we are to interpret accurately we must continue to draw from the whole counsel of God.
Psalm 68:17 reads: "The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place..." (KJV).
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